Evolution of Management Theories
Assistant Teacher, Dept. of ME
Al- Ameen Engg. College,
Email: [email protected] com
Evolution of Management Ideas
1 . The Classical theory of administration
a) Medical Management
b) Bureaucratic Supervision
c) Administrative Management
2 . Neo-Classical Theory
a) Human Relations
b) Behavioral Technology Approach
a few. The Modern Managing Theories
a) Quantitative Approach
b) Program Approach
c) Contingency Way
d) Operational Approach
Development of Managing Thought
вЂў Impact of Industrial Revolution.
F. T. Tayler's Contribution(1856-1915)
вЂў Daddy of Medical Management
Concepts of Farreneheit. W. Tayler's Management
Clinical task setting based on period, motion and fatigue study. Fitting the " proper person for the right jobвЂќ simply by proper assortment, training and placement of employees.
Improvement at work by
i. Standardisation of tools and equipment
2. Improvement at work environment
Organisations and staff should not believe that they are taking advantage of each other(Mental revolution)
Differential box piece charge wage system to distinguish among efficient and inefficient workers( Tayler's Differential Piece Level Plan) Smart investigation and analysis of the different product of the organization. Scientific study of each and every unit from the business.
Separation of the planning and setup based on specialisation.
Efforts of Gilbreths
Scientific study of management ought to include both research and synthesis Analysis- Breaking down a task into their essential components
Synthesis вЂ“ include required element to get efficient job and remove other elements.
He focused on Movement Study and suggested the first definition-" motion study as the science of removing wastefulness as a result of unnecessary, unwell directed and inefficient motionsвЂќ
He designed Process Chart-Over all picture of all activities in a graph and or chart form.
Advantages of Henry L. Gantt
Worked with Farrenheit. W. Tayler
He Better Taylor's gear piece level system
(Provide extra income for extra work)
He produced the daily balance graph and or chart (Gantt chart)
on the other axis.
Humanistic procedure and professional responsibility.
Task and Bonus Strategy
output in a single axis and time
вЂў F. T. Tayler- Daddy of Scientific Management
вЂў Main contributors- F. T. Tayler, Outspoken Gilbreths, Gantt
вЂў Effect of Industrial Wave
Principles of Scientific Supervision
Replacing old guideline of thump method
Technological selection and training
Labor-Management co-operation(mental revolution)
Equal label of responsibility
Techniques of Scientific Supervision
Technological task setting-fair day's function
Work study-method, time, exhaustion and motion study
Organizing the task
Scientific collection and teaching
Differential piece-wage plan
Critique of Technological Management
пѓ Functional corporation structure (An operator is usually controlled simply by eight foremen)вЂ“ In practice and violates unanimity of command. пѓ This concentrated in production supervision and neglects the area of Finance, Advertising, Accounting and Personnel.
пѓ Workers objected Tayler's Gear piece salary plan since wages of workers aren't increased in direct
percentage to the increase in productivity.
пѓ It eroded the human take into account industry. It resulted in boredom of work, loss of project, wage reductions, job
insecurity etc .
вЂў Max Weber(1864-1920)
вЂў Rules and regulations to reduce managerial inconsistencies
Division of operate
Hierarchy of position
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